Advantages of using Ultra Low Carbon (ULC) steels include good formability and a superior surface quality.
Interstitial Free refers to the fact that there are no interstitial solute atoms to strain the solid iron lattice resulting soft pliable materials perfect for a range of applications such as panels in the automotive industry.
Grain refinement is a critical process for the continuous improvement of the material properties including the honing of mechanical properties such as formability and machinability through methodical adjustment of the microstructure.
Examples of commercial grain refiners used to refine A356 aluminum castings include Al-Ti-B and Al-Ti-C and in this article we can study their performance.
Tungsten Carbide is one of only a few materials which would be considered for some of the toughest tooling jobs in industry.
Formally classified as a refractory carbide Tungsten Carbide has exceptional mechanical and thermal properties with a melting point in excess of 1800°C and extremely high hardness.
The QSL process is one of a handful of promising lead processing technologies which counter act the drawbacks of the sinter plant – blast furnace methods currently in operation.
A highly-efficient process, QSL produces lead from lead concentrates and secondary raw materials in one reactor and can cut the environmental impact in half when comparing conventional methods.